Skip to Content

Chapati Recipe (Roti bread)

Chapati Recipe (Roti bread)

Chapati Recipe (Roti)

This easy chapati recipe shows you how to make your own Indian chapatis (roti bread).

Chapati is an unleavened flatbread that originates in India, and has many other names, like roti, safati, chappati or phulka. This recipe is without salt, although you can add a pinch if you like. It is very basic and easy to make.

Flatbread is a staple food in India and is often used to scoop the food into the mouth and wipe up the gravy off the plate.

roti recipe

Chapati vs Naan

There are different types of bread in India and as well as chapatis. You also have naan bread and paratha, which are all different.

The difference between chapati and naan is that naan bread is actually a leavened bread.Naan is typically made with white flour, yeast, and yogurt or milk. Hence does take a bit longer to make as you need time to allow the dough to expand. Naan bread is also cooked in a tandoor, a cylindrical clay oven that is heated with charcoal or wood. This gives the bread a slightly charred and crispy exterior, while the inside remains soft and fluffy. Naan is often brushed with ghee or butter and may be flavoured with herbs or spices such as garlic or cumin.

Chapati, on the other hand, is an unleavened bread that is made with whole wheat flour, water, and salt. It is rolled out into thin circles and cooked on a griddle or skillet. This gives it a slightly toasted and chewy texture. Chapati is typically not flavoured or brushed with butter.

In this recipe, I have used some real Indian chapati flour (medium) which looks a bit like a wholemeal flour, with some small brown fibres in it.

The flour seemed to be very finely ground and tasted great. It made a good soft dough and was easy to roll out.

You can also use an all-purpose flour, but the result will not be quite as authentic.

roti bread recipe

Origin of the word ‘Chapati’

Chapati is named after the word ‘chapat’ which in Hindi means slap. This is the noise that is made when chapatis are ‘slapped’ out by hand. The traditional way is to slap the dough between wet hands, turning 90 degrees every time until you have a nice circular shape to cook.

I remember watching our Indian neighbours doing this once, preparing for a large family party, with all the ladies sitting cross-legged like Shiva on the grass and slapping away with their dough. It was quite impressive to watch as they all produced a small pile of uncooked circular dough pancakes in no time.

I believe they kept them in damp towelling to stop them sticking together. 

indian chapati
Chapati recipe

I am not as proficient as these Indian ladies were at this, however, and I still roll out my roti on a lightly flowered surface with a rolling pin. Maybe not as cool, but it does the job (OK, they are maybe not that round 😊 !).

Eat your chapatis with a delicious Indian curry or use them in other flatbread recipes.

butter chicken and chapati

I hope you enjoy making these easy chapatis. If you do, please let me know how you get on in the comments section below!

Indian Chapati Recipe

Save time producing tasty food for your family with Gav’s Weekly Meal Plan!

Just 19 US $!!

weekly meal plans, gav's kitchen products, meal prep

chapati recipe

Chapati Recipe (Roti bread)

Yield: 5
Prep Time: 10 minutes
Cook Time: 5 minutes
Proofing Time: 30 minutes
Total Time: 45 minutes

This easy recipe shows you how to make chapati (or roti) from flour and water. Perfect to accompany your curry dish.


  • 250g chapati flour (Wheat flour)
  • 180ml cold water
  • 1 tbsp Sunflower oil (or Ghee)


  1. Mix the flour and water in a bowl until you have a good dough (I use my stand mixer for this with a bread hook).
  2. Remove the dough and knead it for about 5 minutes by hand, using your knuckles to push into the dough, and folding the dough to help form gluten.
  3. Then cover the dough and proof in the fridge for 30 minutes.
  4. Remove from the fridge and divide into 4 or 5 pieces.
  5. Then roll out thinly on a lightly floured surface into circular forms. Heat a skillet or tava on the hob on medium heat and add a bit of sunflower oil or ghee. When the oil is shimmering, add the circular dough pancake to the pan.
  6. Heat until brown spots appear and then flip over and cook the other side. About 1 minute each side.
  7. Repeat for each chapati.


Serve up with an Indian curry.

Recommended Products

As an Amazon Associate and member of other affiliate programs, I earn from qualifying purchases.

Nutrition Information:
Yield: 5 Serving Size: 1
Amount Per Serving: Calories: 265Total Fat: 8gSaturated Fat: 2gTrans Fat: 0gUnsaturated Fat: 4gCholesterol: 0mgSodium: 151mgCarbohydrates: 42gFiber: 6gSugar: 2gProtein: 7g

This nutrition information was automatically calculated by Nutritionix, but may not be 100% accurate.

Did you make this recipe?

Please leave a comment on the blog or share a photo on Pinterest

Authentic Indian Chicken Curry Recipe
Healthy Butter Chicken
Flatbread Recipe no yeast
Indian Naan Bread Recipe
Plain Paratha (made with All Purpose Flour)
Indian Pilau Rice - cooked in less than 10 minutes in your microwave oven
Onion Pakora
Vegan Red Lentil Curry
Murgh Masala - Spicy Chicken Curry

Sharing is caring!

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Skip to Recipe